Several key terms related to digital inclusion and device sourcing are used throughout this guide. This glossary provides short definitions of these terms.
All-or-nothing crowdfunding model: The organisation that is crowdfunding sets a fundraising goal and keeps nothing unless the goal is achieved.
Beneficiaries: Digitally excluded people to whom an organisation loans or gifts digital devices. They may also be referred to as ‘participants’ or ‘recipients’.
Crowdfunding: A way of financing projects and businesses through many small online donations from a large group of people (find out more on the Nesta website). For the purpose of this guide, crowdfunding is used to raise funds to purchase digital devices or fund digital services.
Crowdsourcing for devices: The process of sourcing new and/or used digital devices by using local or national campaigns to encourage individuals and local/national businesses to donate them.
Digital devices: This includes desktop computers, laptops, Chromebooks, tablets and smartphones.
Donations-based crowdfunding: A way to source money for a project by asking a large number of contributors to each donate a small amount.
Keep-it-all crowdfunding model : The organisation that is crowdfunding sets a fundraising goal and keeps the entire amount raised regardless of whether or not the goal is met.
Rewards-based crowdfunding: A product or service is offered in return for the money pledged to the project.