Several key terms related to digital inclusion and device upcycling schemes are used throughout this guide. This glossary provides short definitions of these terms.
Beneficiaries: Digitally excluded people to whom upcycled devices are provided. They may also be referred to as ‘participants’ or ‘recipients’.
Data wiping: The process of removing all files and data from a device to ensure that no information from the original user can be accessed or viewed by a new user. Data wiping is also referred to as device or data ‘sanitisation’ or ‘erasure’.
Digital devices: This includes desktop computers, laptops, Chromebooks, tablets and smartphones.
Device distribution: The process of identifying and distributing devices to beneficiaries.
Device upcycling: The process of adapting (e.g. by data wiping, refurbishing and upgrading) a retired device, resulting in a higher specification or an improved functional state.
Device recycling: Part of the process of recovering materials from digital devices, such as precious metals, for the purpose of reusing them in the development of new products.
Device refurbishing: Part of the upcycling process that can include repairing hardware (e.g. a broken screen) and updating software to improve the functionality and performance of the device.
Retired devices: Used digital devices that are no longer required by their current owner. Many organisations ‘retire’ old devices once they reach a certain age or are replaced by newer equipment.
Transfer of ownership agreement (sometimes referred to as a ‘gift agreement’): A legal document that outlines the key terms and conditions in relation to the transfer of devices from a donor to a recipient.
Upcycling service provider: An organisation that provides one or more services involved in the upcycling of devices, such as data wiping, device refurbishing and distribution to beneficiaries.